South Korea's alt-right: Trolls, extremists, and paedophiles
Warning: Confronting content.
THEY label Chinese people as cockroaches, have a hatred of immigrants and sexual minorities, are notorious for deep-seated misogyny and constantly attack those on the political left.
This might sound like the white supremacist the "alt-right" movement of the US, but it's actually a rapidly growing community of ultra-right-wing South Korean men.
The community first started sharing beliefs on an online baseball subgroup before the creation of their own website in 2009, which was made so they could avoid having abusive content deleted.
Known as "Ilbe Storehouse" - which translates to "daily best" - the site has boomed in popularity and is now the 24th most popular website in all of South Korea.
Last month alone, Ilbe received close to 30.8 million visits.
Similar to 4chan, members thrive on political incorrectness and love to trigger those who support women's rights, the LGBT community, immigrants and other political left agendas.
Professor at the KAIST Graduate School of Culture and Technology Wonjae Lee said the primary motivation of the community was trolling.
"Ilbe is culturally marginal but also morally marginal. They couldn't find their place in Korean society, but the internet is a place where culturally and morally marginal people can talk about their opinions," he told Mic.
"It is likely that they are very lonely people who struggle to connect with people in the offline world. They enjoy that kind of [negative] attention."
Despite paying the high server costs needed to cope with huge traffic, not much is known of the registered owner of Ilbe, UBH Corp, but it's believed to be a reasonably lucrative endeavour.
"Banner ads are used to boost ad revenue based on traffic. However, there is nothing known about the company's influence," explained South Korean newspaper Hankyoreh.
"The process of birth, former and current staff members, and the substance of the trademark owner of "Ilbe" are all blurry."
After examining at least 330,000 of posts, data analyst Hakjoon Kim said hate speech against women was the driving force for majority of the site's content.
A common theme is the use of the term "kimchi bitch" to describe Korean women as gold-diggers and feminists making false claims about equality.
Even though members deny misogyny because they like women, Mr Kim believes this is not the case.
"[What they really mean] is that they like to have sex with them. Misogyny is their biggest stance. That is clear," he said.
This belief of misogyny stems from a number of controversial posts on the site, like one offering advice on "how to find out if a woman is marriage material".
The post, which includes a drawing of a man holding a baseball bat, roughly translates to suggest if you beat your girlfriend and she comes back to you without going to the police, she is the right girl to marry. However, if she goes to the law, she is not worthy to be your wife.
A separate post suggests people should avoid eating and only drink coffee on a first date.
"Let's not waste money because we don't know whether she's a kimchi or not," the post reads.
Members also attack women from different cultures, with one post labelling female soldiers from Israel as Kimchi in its headline.
The post contained a series of images of the female soldiers, with "f*ck you" written at the bottom.
Trolling extends past posting online, with members of the community causing public outrage after sending a wreath to the murder site of a 23-year-old woman killed in a bathroom near Gangnam Station in Seoul. The wreath was designed to outrage anti-misogyny protesters.
"Let's remember that soldiers died in the sinking of the Cheonan warship because they were men," the card on the wreath read, reported MengNews.
Members do not solely limit their attention to women, with the group infamously binge-eating pizza in front of a father on a hunger strike to protest the death of his child and 324 other high school students and teachers as the result of a ferry accident.
According to Korea Times, the community also criticised handicapped people for "benefiting from welfare organisations" and "not fulfilling four major duties of citizens".
And then there was the discussion about a plan to rape a six-year-old Korean from China and the sharing of experiences about molesting disabled children.
According to the data analyst, members were instrumental in getting former-South Korean President Park Geun-hye elected in 2012, with suggestions the country's National Intelligence Service also used the site to launch a "smear campaign" against her political opponent
"People conventionally thought that conservatives can't be young people. Many politicians think that all young, educated people should be liberal," he said.
"So it was kind of shocking in 2012 when young guys were mocking the liberal presidential candidate and supporting Park Geun-hye."
"And at the same time, political powers supported them secretly."
When the far-right president was impeached earlier this year for her role in a high-profile money-laundering scandal and replaced by left-wing president Moon Jae, membership increased again. This time from a large number older conservative supporters joining as a form of protest.
Despite the influx of older members, the group is still believed to be a majority-male user base, with more than a third of all users aged between 21 and 25.
"They're very different from traditional conservatives," he said. "They are young and highly educated."
Mr Kim believes youth unemployment and economic hardship is at the heart of the website's growing popularity.
"[Ilbe users] want power, but they're weak," he said. "Most men don't feel they can have a nice life like their fathers'. A lot of Ilbe members feel economically stuck."
Author of Making Sense of the Alt-Right George Hawley said even though Ilde is growing in size, they will likely just remain disenchanted trolls and nothing more.
"The [alt-right] movement is still predominantly internet-based. Yes, we've seen - most noticeably in Charlottesville, Virginia - the increased real-world footprint, but the internet is still their main platform," he told Mic.
"Most of the people who consume this material and support these ideas are still anonymous and online, as opposed to joining political organisations."
President of Australia's Cult Information and Family Support Service Ros Hodgkins said there was no easy to solution to the group, as confronting them might develop an us-versus-them mentality, which would lead to further conflict with the wider society.
"The groups are extremely worrying because of the behaviour that is most definitely promoting acceptance of violence and physical harm to others that ends with the naming and shaming of others who disagree with promoting anti-social behaviour as normal," she told news.com.au.